Poetry Unit Overview: During this unit, students will be reading and writing a variety of poetry including the following: Acrostic, Alliteration, Cinquain, Color, Couplet, Diamante, Limerick, Free Verse, Haiku, Tanka, Concrete/Shape, I Am, Biopoem, 5 W's, Spine, Wishes and Fears, and Personification. This site will be a valuable resource as students research the different poetic forms and write their own original poetry. Throughout the unit, students will also create a Google Slide Presentation Portfolio of their poems, and will be preparing to participate in the End-of-the-Year Poetry Slam where they will "Slam" their own poetry as well as poems written by their favorite poets.
An acrostic poem is a type of poetry where the first, last or other letters in a line spell out a particular word or phrase. The most common and simple form of an acrostic poem is where the first letters of each line spell out the word or phrase. Take a word (at least 6 letters long) and create a poem that has to do with that word by creating a phrase beginning with each letter.
L ife whispers by like a dream.
I hear the sounds of laughter.
S ounds of friends playing
T hen growing and leaving.
E ven though they are friends now
N othing lasts forever, so listen.
I n the distance
N o one stays forever. They’re
G one before you know it.
Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. Poets use alliteration to create musical effects in poetry.
For example: Most tongue twisters are composed of a series of alliterative words:
"Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers..."
by Mother Goose
Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers;
A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked;
If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,
Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?
“How much wood could a woodchuck chuck ... ”
by Mother Goose
How much wood could a woodchuck chuck
If a woodchuck could chuck wood?
As much wood as a woodchuck could chuck,
If a woodchuck could chuck wood.
A cinquain poem consists of five unrhymed lines.
Line 1: a person, place,or thing (noun)
Line 2: two words that tell about the noun
Line 3: three ≠ing words that show action about the noun
Line 4: one four-word phrase or sentence about the noun
Line 5: the noun again (or a word that means the same thing)
Snowing, blowing, freezing
Lost in empty space
Line 1 →Name a color.
Lines 2-3 →Name things that are that color.
Line 4 → Name things that taste like that color.
Line 5 → Name things that smell like that color.
Line 6 → Name things that sound like that color.
Line 7 → Name things that feel like that color.
Line 8 → Name things that look like that color
Line 9 → How does this color make you feel?
Line 10 → What can that color do?
Couplets are any two lines working as a unit, whether they make up a single stanza or are part of a larger stanza. Most couplets have an AA rhyming pattern.
A Minor Bird
By: Robert Frost
I have wished a bird would fly away,
And not sing by my house all day;
Have clapped my hands at him from the door
When it seemed as if I could bear no more.
The fault must partly have been in me.
The bird was not to blame for his key.
And of course there must be something wrong
In wanting to silence any song.
Diamante is a poem in the shape of a diamond. Each line uses specific types of words like adjectives and -ing words. It does not have to rhyme.
stabbing, shooting, killing
Vietnam, Iran, United States, Japan
living, relaxing, singing
Hiding, lurking, stalking
Vampires, werewolves, mummies, and zombies
Chasing, pouncing, eating
Note: Synonym Diamantes are written with nouns that have the same meaning. Antonym Diamantes are written with nouns that have opposite meanting. We will write an Antonym Diamante and a Synonym Diamante.
A limerick is an amusing verse of five lines. Lines 1,2,and 5 rhyme and lines 3 and 4 rhyme. Line 5 refers back to line 1. Lines 3 and 4 are usually shorter than the other lines. Limericks are funny or nonsensical.
There once was a wonderful star
There once were two teachers who thought they were cool.
They taught at De Queen Middle School.
One was Ba Bam.
The other Nottingham.
Together, they ruled!
What to write about? You can write a poem about almost anything….
Free verse is poetry written with rhymed or unrhymed verse that has no set meter to it.
The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on
Haiku is an ancient Japanese verse form. It has a total of three lines and seventeen syllables and usually does not rhyme.
Line 1: 5 syllables
Line 2: 7 syllables
Line 3: 5 syllables
The soaring sea gulls
Against a summer blue sky
Gliding on the breeze
Tanka is another form of Japanese poetry that consists of 31 syllables (5-7-5-7-7). The themes for Tanka are love, nature, seasons, and friendships
Line 1: five syllables
Line 2: seven syllables
Line 3: five syllables
Line 4: seven syllables
Line 5: seven syllables
Good morning my friend!
I hope your day is as great
as our friendship is.
Please smile, laugh, sing, and giggle,
Make this a wonderful day!
A concrete poem is a poem that forms a picture of the topic or follows the contours of a shape that is suggested by the topic.
~ Sara A
An “I Am” poem describes you. It can take many forms.
I Am poem
I am (2 characteristics)...
I am (repeat the first lines of the poem)
I am (repeat the first line of the poem)
I am (repeat the first line of the poem)
(Line 1) First name
(Line 2) Four adjectives that describe you
(Line 3) Son or Daughter of, Sibling of
(Line 4) Lover of (three things, people, or ideas you love)
(Line 5) Who feels (three feelings you have)
(Line 6) Who gives (three things you give)
(Line 7) Who fears (three fears you have)
(Line 8) Who would like to see (three things the person wanted to see happen)
(Line 9) Resident of (town or brief description of where you live)
(Line 10) Last name
Tall, tasty, feathery, vicious,
Son of Thomas and Turkena, Sibling of Clucky Chicken and Big Bird,
Lover of cracked corn, vegetarians, and ham eaters,
Who feels fear at Thanksgiving, relief when it's over, and sadness for his fallen turkey friends.
Who gives comfort, nourishment, and left overs,
Who fears the freezer, Butterball, and Pilgrim's Pride,
Would like to see birds unite and revolt against the mistreatment of all turkeys everywhere,
Resident of Old MacDonald's Farm,
What? (action phrase)
When? (time phrase)
Where? (place phrase)
sang Happy Birthday to me while Mrs. Hibbs danced
on my birthday
during English class
because they can!
Book spine poetry is so simple but creates intriguingly artistic results. Just grab a bunch of books with interesting titles and stack them up to create a juicy column of poetry. Snap a photo of your masterpiece and presto, you’re done!
WISHES AND FEARS
I am afraid of…
I am afraid of…
I want …
I am afraid of snakes
I am afraid of taking tests
I want friends who make me happy
I want to laugh
Personification Poems are types of verse in which inanimate or non-human objects are given human attributes! For example, 'The wheat danced to the beat of the distant thunder.' Clearly everyone knows wheat can't dance, but it has been given human qualities for the purposes of this unique and entertaining poetic form.
This type of poetry deploys figures of speech in which things or animals are given human characteristics which we recognize in ourselves.
Willows bend to their partners
while the spruces curtsey in response.
Cherry trees form a circle
and the oaks dance just like debutantes
of woodpeckers tapping on their trunks
and squirrels chattering in the boughs.
Listen to the sounds of nature’s chorus
What fun it does arouse!
Chipmunks chatter and scurry,
Blue jays scream and scold.
Robins talk and gossip
demanding their story to be told.
Squirrels skip and box one another
and rabbits play hop scotch.
The games they play, the sounds they make
Really are top notch.