Daily Grammar Practice
Monday: Identify each word as noun (common, proper, possessive), pronoun (subjective, possessive, objective), verb (helping, linking, action), adverb, adjective, preposition, conjunction (coordinating, subordinating, correlative), or interjection.
Tuesday: Identify sentence parts including subject (complete and simple), complete predicate, verb, direct object, indirect object, predicate nominative, predicate adjective, appositive or appositive phrase, and prepositional phrase (adjective or adverb).
Wednesday: Identify each clause as independent or dependent; identify the sentence type as simple, compound, or complex; and identify the sentence purpose as declarative, imperative, interrogative, or exclamatory.
Thursday: Add capitalization and punctuation including end punctuation, commas, semicolons, apostrophes, underlining, and quotation marks.
Friday: Test over similar sentence.
DGP: Daily Grammar Practice Notes
DAY 1 NOTES: PARTS OF SPEECH
Person, place, thing, idea
Common: begins with lowercase (city)
Proper: begins with capital letter (Detroit)
Possessive: shows ownership (Detroit’s)
Takes the place of a noun
acts as the subject of a sentence
He spends ages looking out the window.
acts as the object of a sentence--it receives the action of the verb. The objective pronouns are her, him, it, me, them, us, and you.
tells you who owns something. The possessive pronouns are hers, his, its, mine, ours, theirs, and yours.
Many like salsa with their chips.
Modifies/Describes adjectives (really cute), verbs (extremely fast), and other adverbs (very easily)
Tells: How? When? Where? To what extent?
Modifies noun and pronoun
Tells: Which one? How many? What kind?
Articles: a, an, the
Proper adjective: proper noun used to describe something (American flag)
Shows relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence
Across, after, against, around, at, before, below, between, by, during, except, for, from, in of, off, on, over, since, through, to, under, until, with, according to, because, instead of, etc.
Joins words, phrases and clauses
FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Shows action or helps make a statement
The dog smells the flower.
Links two words together
Is, be, am, are, was, were, been, being, appear, become, feel, grow, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste
The flower smells pretty.
“helps” an action or linking verb
examples: is, be, am, are, was, were, been, being, will, would, can, could, shall, should, may, might, must, have, has, had, do, does, did, ought
We have been taking notes all day (taking is action)
She will be cold without a jacket (be is linking)
DAY 2 NOTES: SENTENCE PARTS
Part of sentence about which something is being said
Must be a noun, pronoun, gerund or infinitive
Can never be in a prepositional phrase
There and here are never the subject of a sentence
The subject can be an “understood you”
Bring me the remote, please. (You bring it to me)
Transitive: takes a direct object (We love English.)
Intransitive: does not take a direct object (Please sit down.)
All linking verbs are intransitive
Completes the meaning of the subject and verb
Noun or pronoun
Follows an action verb
To find it: “subject” “verb” “what?”
I like English “I” “like” “what?” English
Noun or pronoun
Comes before a direct object
To find it: “subject” “verb” “direct object” “to or for whom or what?”
He gave me the paper. “He” “gave” “paper” “to whom?” me
Day 3 Notes: Phrases, Clauses and Sentence Types
Noun or pronoun that follows and renames another noun or pronoun
My son Beck likes trains
Ashley, my daughter, loves to dance.
Group of words beginning with preposition and ending with noun or pronoun
Can act as an adjective (I want a room with a view) or adverb (His house is on the lake)
Gerund (ends in –ing) plus its modifiers and objects
Infinitive plus its modifiers and objects
He likes to eat pepperoni pizza.
Clauses (must contain a subject and a verb)
Every sentence must have at least one independent clause
Can never stand alone (would be a fragment)
Starts with a relative pronoun or subordinating conjunction
Simple: one independent clause
Compound: two or more independent clauses
Complex: one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses
compound-complex: two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clause
DAY 4 NOTES: CAPITALIZATION AND PUNCTUATION
proper nouns and proper adjectives
the first word of each sentence
joins two clauses without coordinating conjunctions
He likes apples; she likes oranges.
To make words possessive or make contractions
If the word s already plural and ends in s, add an apostrophe to the end of the word.
If the word is singular and ends in an s, treat it normal: boss’s
Underlining / Italicizing
Titles of long things: newspapers, magazines, CDs, movies, novels, plays, etc.
Names of ships, planes, trains and artwork
Quote titles of short things: short stories, poems, songs, article titles, episodes of TV shows, etc.
Dialogue and words copied from other sources
Commas and period that follow quoted words always go inside the closing quotation marks
Colons and semicolons that follow quoted words always go outside the closing quotation marks
Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. (comma goes before the conjunction)
Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause (First, we went to the store)
Use commas to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series
Use a comma near the end of a sentence to separate contrasted coordinate elements or to indicate a distinct pause or shift.
my sister jumped on her new bed
four cats ran quickly through the yard
i rode my old yellow bike
did your dog chew the blue slippers
monica likes the cat with green eyes
your friends left their skateboards at my house
we visited seattle washington on our vacation
put the letter in its envelope
can you come to my birthday party
my friend jessica really likes the song hakuna mata
we students are learning grammar
wow that is a really big bridge
javians cousin built a great tree house in his yard
to whom were you speaking
the smiths often hike to yosemite national park
both taylor and katie visited their friend in dallas texas during the summer
in the mens department we bought ties shirts and socks
each of the boys brought his lunch to school
both of the girls sang and danced in the talent show
amanda and i are best friends
will you give miranda the scissors and tape
jebs house is blue but ours is yellow
sit down on that chair or i will call the principal
we gave haley four green balloons on st. particks day
i walked to school because i missed the bus
i like the book sounder but guido prefers where the red fern grows
when you come to my house we can jump on my trampoline
i will take chips to the party but tara will take brownies and nuts
raise your hand if you can hear the music
mr. patel our Spanish teacher is nice so we will have a party on friday