Skip to main content

Daily Grammar Practice


Daily Grammar Practice



Monday: Identify each word as noun (common, proper, possessive), pronoun (subjective, possessive, objective), verb (helping, linking, action), adverb, adjective, preposition, conjunction (coordinating, subordinating, correlative), or interjection.


Tuesday: Identify sentence parts including subject (complete and simple), complete predicate, verb, direct object, indirect object, predicate nominative, predicate adjective, appositive or appositive phrase, and prepositional phrase (adjective or adverb).


Wednesday: Identify each clause as independent or dependent; identify the sentence type as simple, compound, or complex; and identify the sentence purpose as declarative, imperative, interrogative, or exclamatory.


Thursday: Add capitalization and punctuation including end punctuation, commas, semicolons, apostrophes, underlining, and quotation marks.


Friday: Test over similar sentence.


DGP: Daily Grammar Practice Notes






  • Person, place, thing, idea

  • Common: begins with lowercase (city)

  • Proper: begins with capital letter (Detroit)

  • Possessive: shows ownership (Detroit’s)



  • Takes the place of a noun

    • Subjective

      • acts as the subject of a sentence

      • He spends ages looking out the window.

    • Objective

      • acts as the object of a sentence--it receives the action of the verb. The objective pronouns are her, him, it, me, them, us, and you.

    • Possessive

      • tells you who owns something. The possessive pronouns are hers, his, its, mine, ours, theirs, and yours.

      • Many like salsa with their chips.


  • Modifies/Describes adjectives (really cute), verbs (extremely fast), and other adverbs (very easily)

  • Tells: How? When? Where? To what extent?



  • Modifies noun and pronoun

  • Tells: Which one? How many? What kind?

  • Articles: a, an, the

  • Proper adjective: proper noun used to describe something (American flag)



  • Shows relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence

  • Across, after, against, around, at, before, below, between, by, during, except, for, from, in of, off, on, over, since, through, to, under, until, with, according to, because, instead of, etc.



  • Joins words, phrases and clauses

  • FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so


  • Shows action or helps make a statement

    • ACTION

      • shows action

      • The dog smells the flower.


      • Links two words together

      • Is, be, am, are, was, were, been, being, appear, become, feel, grow, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste

      • The flower smells pretty.


      • “helps” an action or linking verb

      • examples: is, be, am, are, was, were, been, being, will, would, can, could, shall, should, may, might, must, have, has, had, do, does, did, ought

      • We have been taking notes all day (taking is action)

      • She will be cold without a jacket (be is linking)






  • Part of sentence about which something is being said

  • Must be a noun, pronoun, gerund or infinitive

  • Can never be in a prepositional phrase

  • There and here are never the subject of a sentence

  • The subject can be an “understood you”

  • Bring me the remote, please. (You bring it to me)



  • Transitive: takes a direct object (We love English.)

  • Intransitive: does not take a direct object (Please sit down.)

  • All linking verbs are intransitive



  • Direct Object
  • Completes the meaning of the subject and verb

  • Noun or pronoun

  • Follows an action verb

  • To find it: “subject”  “verb”  “what?”

  • I like English “I” “like” “what?” English

  • Indirect Object

  • Noun or pronoun

  • Comes before a direct object

  • To find it: “subject”  “verb”  “direct object”  “to or for whom or what?”

  • He gave me the paper. “He” “gave” “paper”  “to whom?” me





Day 3 Notes: Phrases, Clauses and Sentence Types



Appositive Phrase

  • Noun or pronoun that follows and renames another noun or pronoun

  • My son Beck likes trains

  • Ashley, my daughter, loves to dance.

Prepositional Phrase

  • Group of words beginning with preposition and ending with noun or pronoun

  • Can act as an adjective (I want a room with a view) or adverb (His house is on the lake)

Gerund Phrase

  • Gerund (ends in –ing) plus its modifiers and objects

Infinitive Phrase

  • Infinitive plus its modifiers and objects

  • He likes to eat pepperoni pizza.


Clauses (must contain a subject and a verb)

  • Independent

  • Every sentence must have at least one independent clause

  • Dependent

  • Can never stand alone (would be a fragment)

  • Starts with a relative pronoun or subordinating conjunction

Sentence Types

  • Simple: one independent clause

  • Compound: two or more independent clauses

  • Complex: one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses

  • compound-complex: two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clause





  • proper nouns and proper adjectives

  • the first word of each sentence



  • joins two clauses without coordinating conjunctions

  • He likes apples; she likes oranges.


  • To make words possessive or make contractions

  • If the word s already plural and ends in s, add an apostrophe to the end of the word.

  • If the word is singular and ends in an s, treat it normal: boss’s

Underlining / Italicizing

  • Titles of long things: newspapers, magazines, CDs, movies, novels, plays, etc.

  • Names of ships, planes, trains and artwork


Quotation Marks

  • Quote titles of short things: short stories, poems, songs, article titles, episodes of TV shows, etc.

  • Dialogue and words copied from other sources

  • Commas and period that follow quoted words always go inside the closing quotation marks

  • Colons and semicolons that follow quoted words always go outside the closing quotation marks



  • Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. (comma goes before the conjunction)

  • Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause (First, we went to the store)

  • Use commas to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series

  • Use a comma near the end of a sentence to separate contrasted coordinate elements or to indicate a distinct pause or shift.


  1. my sister jumped on her new bed

  2. four cats ran quickly through the yard

  3. i rode my old yellow bike

  4. did your dog chew the blue slippers

  5. monica likes the cat with green eyes

  6. your friends left their skateboards at my house

  7. we visited seattle washington on our vacation

  8. put the letter in its envelope

  9. can you come to my birthday party

  10. my friend jessica really likes the song hakuna mata

  11. we students are learning grammar

  12. wow that is a really big bridge

  13. javians cousin built a great tree house in his yard

  14. to whom were you speaking

  15. the smiths often hike to yosemite national park

  16. both taylor and katie visited their friend in dallas texas during the summer

  17. in the mens department we bought ties shirts and socks

  18. each of the boys brought his lunch to school

  19. both of the girls sang and danced in the talent show

  20. amanda and i are best friends

  21. will you give miranda the scissors and tape

  22. jebs house is blue but ours is yellow

  23. sit down on that chair or i will call the principal

  24. we gave haley four green balloons on st. particks day

  25. i walked to school because i missed the bus

  26. i like the book sounder but guido prefers where the red fern grows

  27. when you come to my house we can jump on my trampoline

  28. i will take chips to the party but tara will take brownies and nuts

  29. raise your hand if you can hear the music

  30. mr. patel our Spanish teacher is nice so we will have a party on friday

Generated button